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B is a bit of a trick letter, as it can sometimes be confusing with V. For children to learn the spelling rules related to this letter. To do this, here you will find a short video dictation That you can put your children or students to review what they have learned about B. Not only do we read the dictation to them, but in the video we also correct the spelling and solve doubts.
On this occasion we are going to propose a very short dictation (in fact, only one sentence constant) but that gathers several spelling rules on the use of the letter B. The exercise is the one that we propose below. And as you will see, we have corrected it, word by word, so that there is no doubt about how it is written. Let's see:
Bruno put on his swimming trunks, got out his boat and rowed out across the bay.
- 'Bruno'. The dictation must start with capital letter because it is the beginning of a sentence but also because it is a proper name and, as such, it is also capitalized.
Furthermore, we know that Bruno is written with B because the orthographic norm states that the words that carry br- are always written with B (bra, bre, bri, bro, bru). The same thing happens with sounds with bl- (bla, ble, bli, blo, blu).
- 'Swimsuit'. This word is also spelled with B, just like other related words like bathing or bathing.
In the case of younger children, this word can be somewhat more complicated because it includes the letter Ñ, which can be one of the most unknown to young children.
- 'Coat'. We stop for a moment on this word because, even if it does not have a B or V, we can use it as an example to teach children the use of accents.
Is about a sharp word, since the stressed syllable is the last. If it were a plain word, the stressed syllable would be the penultimate; and if it were a sdrújula, it would be the penultimate. Being a sharp word and ending in a vowel, we must put a tilde to that O.
If we did not put a tilde to 'sacó', we would have to pronounce this word as if it were flat, that is, with the accent on the first syllable (sa). In this case, we would have a completely different word: sack (which is a large bag that is used to transport objects).
By analyzing this word, you can also ask your children to find out what tense it is in. 'sacó' is the third person singular of the simple past perfect indicative mood.
- 'Boat'. The word boat, which refers to a small boat, is written with B. If we wrote it with V, it would refer to the verb 'vote': vote.
- 'Row'. In this verb the same thing happens that we have mentioned with 'sacó'. It's about the third person singular past perfect simple indicative mood. In addition, it must have an accent because it is a sharp word ending in a vowel. If we do not put a tick, we have 'rowing', which refers to the object used to row.
- 'Bay'. This is possibly the most difficult word in the whole dictation, quite a challenge! The first thing to keep in mind is that it is written with B. But, in addition, we cannot ignore that it has an H inserted, that is, in the middle of the sentence. It is easy to forget this letter, because in Spanish it is not pronounced when you read it.
On the other hand, we cannot forget that this word has an accent. This is because the force is in the I (hiatus), which is a closed vowel (the same as U), therefore, we pronounce the A (which is an open vowel just like the O and the AND). To mark the separation in three syllables (ba-h-a) we have to put a tilde in the I.
- Punctuation marks. Two different punctuation marks are included in the dictation. On the one hand, we have a ',' (comma) that is used to separate the different terms of an enumeration of Bruno's actions: first he puts on his bathing suit, then he takes out the boat, and then he paddles.
On the other hand, we have a full stop that serves to close the sentence and, in this case, also the entire exercise. If this phrase was followed by another sentence, it would have to start with a capital letter.
If you want to continue working on the use of B, you can try these dictations.
1. The bandit wavered in regret. Is it better to take all the loot from the boot boutique or is it better to be good?
2. The last book I have taken from the library is beastly. He talks about the life of a young man from Bogotá who is the best juggling the ball. I don't like biographies, but I loved this one.
3. The breeze, his kiss, his yawn ... These are moments that I can never forget.
4. My grandfather Blas needs help to find the bottle of wine he brought from the vineyards of Barcelona. Are you coming to help him? She will give us a big kiss when we find her.
5. Virgina's boot is broken, but she says she doesn't want another one. She is determined to buy some new white ankle boots.
6. If I could travel anywhere, I would go to Brazil. It is a very beautiful country and its people are very friendly.
[Read +: Thematic dictations about animals]
We could not finish this article with the dictations of B without doing a little review of the spelling rules that govern the use of B. Below we explain some of the most frequent.
- yes an infinitive verb ends in -bir, is written with B. Examples: write, conceive, prohibit ... There are some exceptions to this form which are: boil, live and serve.
- The verb endings that follow are also written with B: -ba, -bas, -we, -bais, -ban. Examples: they loved, you sang, they dreamed ...
- The past imperfect indicative of verb to go: I was going, you were, I was going, we were going ...
- Words that begin with bibl- They are also written with B. Examples: Bible, library ...
- When a word begins with bu-, bus, or bur- They also go with B. Examples: search, mock, donkey ...
- If it starts with bl- or br- go with B (bla, ble, bli, blo, blu, bra, bre, bri, bro, bru). Examples: witch, blouse, arm ...
- Words that end with the following endings are with B: -bundo, -bunda, -bility. Examples: vagabond, nauseating, kindness ... There are some exceptions such as mobility.
- The following prefixes are written with B: bis-, biz, bi- when they mean 'two'. Examples: leap, bilingual, great-grandson ...
- When the prefixes good- or bene- they mean well are also written with B: welfare, benefit, welcome ...
How useful are short video dictations for practicing using the letter B with children!
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