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Tobacco, alcohol, raw meat, large fish, unwashed vegetables and fruits ... All of them are products with which special care must be taken during pregnancy, but to this long list we must add, according to recent studies, bisphenol A. Why is bisphenol A so dangerous in pregnancy? What risks does it pose for the mother and the baby? How can it be avoided? Very attentive to what we have to tell you!
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound that has been used for years in the manufacture of plastics, specifically epoxy resins and plastic polycarbonate, which are used mostly in the food industry. The great social alarm was caused by the fact that plastic polycarbonate was the basic plastic in the manufacture of pacifiers and bottles, something that in recent years has been disappearing in favor of other plastics with less negative connotations - at least for the moment.
BPA is characterized by its disruptive influence on the endocrine system and its alteration in the functioning of many hormones, especially sex hormones. BPA is able to take the place of hormones, supplanting their identity, and preventing the hormone itself from binding to its receptor to perform its biological function.
During pregnancy this fact reaches a vital importance, since its accumulation can produce anomalies or defects in the sexual development of the fetus. As the differentiation between the male and female sex is difficult due to the alteration of hormonal synthesis, the fetus does not develop correctly and consequently a baby of visually undefined sex can be born.
Additionally, BPA accumulates in fatty tissue throughout life, not being eliminated in its entirety, and it is also capable of crossing the placental barrier, being transmitted from mothers to children, so the problems do not end there but can also affect the future health of both the mother and the baby permanently.
According to international researchers, BPA is capable of altering the bacterial microflora of the fetus, thanks to its ability to cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus's gastrointestinal tract. In addition to this alteration, which, by representing the first line of defense against infections, can cause problems in the development and functioning of the fetal immune system, BPA is characterized by causing inflammation in both the liver and the large and small intestine of the fetus. fetus that lasts after birth.
Unfortunately, the presence of these factors, the increase in the permeability of the intestine (tendency to lose essential nutrients) and the decrease in the variability of bacterial populations is considered a marker that increases the risk of the appearance of chronic diseases such as obesity, cancer colon or diabetes. As the researchers suggest, the alteration of the microbial ecosystem of the fetus or newborn can also increase the occurrence of food allergies and asthma.
BPA, although its uses have been reduced in recent years, is part of the internal lining of the vast majority of food and drink cans, as well as being a majority part of the plastic of water bottles and other beverages.
Although the relevant agencies have issued data on the daily amount of BPA that is considered tolerable (around 50 micrograms of BPA per kilogram of weight), the truth is that during pregnancy the main problem is that the weight of the fetus is much less than that of the mother, and therefore the fetus' tolerable daily amount of BPA (much lower than that of the mother) seriously affects the mother's tolerance of BPA.
Being strict, the recommendation during pregnancy would be to avoid the consumption of foods packaged in plastic or canned, or, at least, limit them as much as possible. Additionally, and taking into account that heat increases the release of particles to food, it is advisable to avoid cooking and / or storing food in plastic containers, and, above all, avoid its use both in the microwave and in the dishwasher, since they can increase the release of BPA particles to food.
But bisphenol A is not only found in certain food packaging, it is also in certain cosmetic products (shower gels, moisturizers and colognes), in some non-stick pans and in new cars or buildings. For all this, we recommend that you limit its consumption during your pregnancy.
You can read more articles similar to Bisphenol A in pregnancy. Why it is dangerous and where it is found, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.