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Learning disabilities affect 1 in 10 children school age. These problems can be detected in children as young as 5 years of age and are a great concern for many parents, since they affect their children's school performance and interpersonal relationships. A child with learning disabilities usually has a normal level of intelligence, visual and hearing acuity.
He is a child who strives to follow directions, to concentrate, and to behave well at home and at school. Their difficulty is in capturing, processing and mastering the tasks and information, and then to develop them later. The child with this problem simply cannot do the same as others, even if his intelligence level is the same.
The child with specific learning problems presents unusual patterns when it comes to perceiving things in the external environment. Their neurological patterns are different from those of other children the same age. However, they have in common some kind of failure at school or in their community.
When a child has trouble processing the information he receives, his behavior betrays him. Parents should be vigilant and observe the most common signs that indicate the presence of a learning disability:
- Difficulty understanding and follow tasks and instructions.
- Trouble remembering what someone just told you.
- Difficulty mastering basic skills reading, spelling, writing, and / or math, thus failing in school work.
- Difficulty distinguishing between the right and the left, to identify the words, etc. You may have a tendency to write letters, words, or numbers backwards.
- Lack of coordination when walking, playing sports, or doing simple activities such as holding a pencil or tying a shoelace.
- Ease of losing or misplace their school supplies, books, and other items.
- Difficulty understanding the concept of time, confusing 'yesterday', with 'today' and / or 'tomorrow'.
- Tendency to irritationor to express excitement easily.
Children with learning disabilities often present, according to the list obtained from When Learning is a Problem / LDA (Learning Disabilities Association of America), characteristics and / or deficiencies in:
Reading (vision) The child gets very close to the book; says words out loud; points out, substitutes, omits and reverses words; double go, jump and read the same line twice; does not read fluently; has poor oral reading comprehension; omits final consonants in oral reading; blinks excessively; cross-eyed when reading; you tend to rub your eyes and complain that they itch; It presents problems of visual limitation, poor spelling, among others.
Writing Invert and vary the height of the letters; it does not leave space between words and does not write above the lines; he clumsily picks up the pencil and is not sure whether he is right-handed or left-handed; moves and positions the paper incorrectly; try to write with your finger; has poorly organized thinking and poor posture.
Auditory and verbal The child has frequent apathy, cold, allergy and / or asthma; mispronounces words; breathe through your mouth; complains of hearing problems; He feels dizzy; goes blank when spoken to; speak louder; depends on others visually and watches the teacher closely; cannot follow more than one instruction at a time; he puts the TV and the radio on very high volume.
Math The student reverses the numbers; you have difficulty knowing the time; poor understanding and memory of numbers; it does not respond to mathematical data.
- Social / Emotional. Hyperactive child, with low self-esteem and attention.
You can read more articles similar to Learning problems in children, in the On-Site Learning category.