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Although the number of cesarean deliveries should not, according to the World Health Organization - who, exceeding 15 percent of deliveries, the practice of this method continues to increase in many countries. One of them, Brazil, has become the country with the most caesarean sections in the world. Why?
Why in many countries is cesarean delivery a custom and a choice? In Spain, the mother is consulted about what type of delivery she will want. In theory, cesarean delivery is a method that should only be justified by doctors, in the case, for example, that there is no dilation or the exit canal is smaller than the baby, when the baby is going to come out in poor position, that is, breech or wrapped in the umbilical cord, or even when acute fetal distress is detected ...
It cannot be ignored that a cesarean delivery is a risky operation, which can cause injury to both the mother and the baby. Very few women know that cesarean section increases the risk of premature birth because there can be an error of up to a week in the calculation of the state of pregnancy, in scheduled cesarean sections. Preterm labor can cause breathing difficulties and breastfeeding problems. Cesarean section is a life-saving method and not an option to choose.
In Brazil, cesarean birth It has ceased to be a life-saving technique and has become a frequent and usual norm among Brazilian women. In private clinics, more than 80 percent of babies are delivered by cesarean section, and in some cases the rate reaches 90 percent.
Several factors contribute to the fact that there are too many cesarean deliveries in Brazil. The most, the lack of information. Women are not informed about the advantages and disadvantages of this method. Apart from that, one must consider the mismanagement of the health system that results in much more cesarean deliveries being performed for financial reasons than by natural means. Sure, a caesarean section, both in the public and private systems, costs much more, more equipment and professionals.
In addition, the human infrastructure in hospitals was changing. The work of midwives and specialized nurses is increasingly undervalued in hospitals. Doulas, anesthetists, beds, etc. are missing. It is easier and more comfortable for them, a scheduled delivery, especially in private clinics where having a physical space only for natural deliveries does not generate money. In the case of caesarean sections, it is necessary to use more equipment and therefore economically yields much more.
The lack of information that women have about caesarean section, for example, makes them consider this method as more recommendable and more desirable. There are misconceptions that normal childbirth can cause the vagina to become very large, and therefore may cause future problems in sexual relations with your partner. And I wonder how a woman can give more importance to that than to the well-being of her baby?
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